Born on September 25, 1897 in Oxford, Mississippi William Cuthbert Faulkner is Nobel Prize winner and an American author. Faulkner wrote plays poetry novels, short stories and screenplays. He is known for his novels and short stores that are set in fictional Yoknapatawpha County. Faulkner is one of the most important Southern literature authors. His works were first published in 1919 but he was not well-known until 1949 when he received the Nobel Prize in Literature. Two of his novels A Fable in 1954 and his last novel The Reivers in 1962 were winners of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. His novel written in 1929 The Sound and the Fury is listed as sixth on the 100 best novels of the 20th century. He also wrote As I Lay Dying (1930) and Light in August (1932) and Absalom, Absalom! (1936) which are also on "100 Best" lists.
He wrote poetry as an adolescent and did not write his first novel Soldier's Pay until 1925. His second novel was Mosquitoes. Flags in the Dust was his novel set in Yoknapatawpha County but for publication purposes the title was changed to Sartoris. He began writing The Sound and the Fury in 1928 and wrote it in an experimental style with no editing.
He married Estelle Oldham in 1929, adopted her children and began to write to support his family. In 1932 Faulkner moved to Culver City, California and wrote screen plays.
Faulkner died on July 6, 1962 in Byhalia, Mississippi from complications due to a heart attack.