James Marshall Hendrix, Johnny Allen Hendrix or Jimi Hendrix was born on 27 November 1942. He died from drug related injuries on 18 September 1970. Hendrix was best known as a musician, songwriter and singer. His career only lasted four years but he will be remembered as a major player in the electric guitar venue. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame lists Hendrix as the greatest instrumentalist in rock music history.
Hendrix began playing the guitar at 15. In 1961 he joined the Army but was allowed an honorable discharge in 1962. He moved to Clarksville, Tennessee from Seattle and started playing on the chitlin' circuit. He played with the Isley Brother's band that backed various rock artists and with Little Richard. He moved to England in 1966 and earned three UK top hits with Jimi Hendrix Experience: "Hey Joe", Purple Haze" and the Wind Cries Mary". His third studio album reached number one in the United States, Electric Ladyland in 1968. This was his final album. As the world's highest paid performer, Hendrix played at the Woodstock Festival in 1969 and the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970. He died from barbiturate connected suffocation at the height of his career. Hendrix was only 27.
He loved American electric blues and rock and roll. He used amplifiers with overdrive techniques loud volumes and developed the method of guitar amplifier feedback. He promoted using the wah-wah pedal for rock music and pioneered the use of the guitar as an electronic sound source. He received many music awards during his life and posthumously. In 1967 he received the Pop musician of the year by Melody Maker and Billboard named him Artist of the Year.