Born February 28, 1895, Marcel Pagnol is a French playwright, filmmaker and novelist. He became the first filmmaker elected to the Academie francaise in 1946. His work is not as fashionable as it was in the 1940s but he is still regarded as a great writer and notable for writing in every genre. In 1922 Pagnol moved to Paris where he taught English. He decided to quit teaching and devote his time to playwriting. He belong to a group of writers who wrote the play Merchants of Glory produced in 1924. His play Marius was later selected to be adapted into film (1931).
In 1926 Pagnol devoted his efforts to filmmaking. His play Marius was one of the most successful French-language talking films. His writing style is reserved and places an emphasis on images. He relies on film to convey deeper meanings rather than as tools to tell a story. In 1945 Pagnol married actress Jacqueline Bouvier and they had two children. When Pagnol's daughter died at the age of two Pagnol fled to Paris. He began writing novels based on his childhood experiences. In 1957 La Gloire de mon pere and Le chateau de ma mere were published. His third novel Le Temps de secrets was published in 1959. He began writing L'Eau des Collines that focused on the Porvencal peasant life.
Pagnol is also known for his translations of Shakespeare from the English versions and Virgil from the Latin. He won the Best foreign film for Jofroi at the New York Film Critics Circle Awards. He was married two times, once to Simone Collin from 1916 until 1941 and then to Jacqueline Pagnol from 1944 until his death on April 18, 1974 in Paris France.