Astrological Dictionary
Letter: B


Dictionary of Astrological Definitions and Terms.
Astrological | B

 

Definition


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Barren Signs
Gemini, Leo and Virgo. The Moon in Sagittarius, and Aquarius is also said to signify a tendency toward barrenness. v. Signs: Barren and Fertile.
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Beholding Signs
Signs that connect by major (Ptolemaic) aspects. Or signs in Antiscion or Contrantiscion. The Sun in the corresponding degrees of the sign pairs has declination. The same signs are always paired together: Gemini and Cancer, Taurus and Leo, Aries and Virgo, Pisces and Libra, Scorpio and Aquarius, Sagittarius and Capricorn.
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Benefic Planet
Venus and Jupiter and the Moon in Ptolemaic astrology. Trines and sextiles also viewed as benefic aspects. The benefics are beneficial to a cause. In horary astrology, the part of fortune, the moon's north node, and certain fixed stars (notably Spica and Regulus) are treated as benefics.
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Berosus
(330 BC) Babylonian priest whose teaching of astrology on the Greek island of Cos is thought to have introduced Chaldean astrology to the Western world.
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Besieged
When a significator lies between two malefics (Lilly) or when the last and next aspects it has or will make are to Malefics (Modern) Traditionally a besieged planet is between Mars and Saturn, and in the same sign as them. Older authorities, who applied the term to a planet situated between any two planets, considered a planet between Venus and Jupiter to be favorably besieged, but if between Mars and Saturn it was in an extremely unfavorable position.
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Bestial Signs
Those signs which have been symbolized by beasts, or animals: Aries, Taurus, Leo, Scorpio, the last half of Sagittarius, Capricorn and Pisces. v. Signs.
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Bicorporeal Sign
Traditional term for the double-bodied or dual signs Gemini, Sagittarius, and Pisces. Ptolemy used this term to refer to signs now called mutable, adding Virgo to this list.
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Biquintile
One of the minor aspects. Two fifths of the circle of the zodiac. One of the Keplerian aspects, based on the division of the circle into fifths: (360/5) x 2 = 144, it is said to indicate unusual talent with regard to the planets and houses involved. It represents the externalization of individuality. Generally not allowed an orb of more than two degrees on either side of exact.
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Birthstones
In Hermetic theory certain precious and semiprecious stones used as amulets connect with the Sun sign of individuals. Correspondences vary considerably from a variety of sources. sources may be the
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bodes law
Noticed by Astronomer Bode that the relative distances from the Sun can be calculated, beginning with Mercury as numeric 0, calling Venus 3 then doubling for each planet, i.e. 6, 12 etc.
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Bradley James
(1693-1762) English astronomer. Born at Sherborne, Gloucestershire; died at Chalford, Gloucestershire. Friend of Newton and Halley, he was elected to the Royal Society in 1718. He undertook the measurement of the parallax of stars, hoping to supply further support for the Copernican theory. Using a 212-foot telescope, his observations of stars showed small displacements, in the form of an ellipse, during the course of a year. But, the displacements could not be explained on the basis of Parallax. Instead, he had discovered the effect known as Aberration of Light. From his observations, it was possible to determine the ratio of the velocity of the Earth (about the Sun) to the velocity of light, which led to a new method for estimating the velocity of light. (Roemer had first obtained an estimate from the observations of the satellities of Jupiter.) Thus, his work supplied new evidence to support the Copernican view, as light would be subject to no aberration if the Earth were not moving. Parallax of the stars, however, had to await the work of Bessel.
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Brahe, Tycho
Danish astrologer and astronomer. (1546-1601) Born at Knudstrup, Scania (south Sweden, then part of Denmark); died at Prague (now in Czechoslovakia). Tycho was the greatest observational astronomer of his day. Given the island of Hven and enormous funds by King Frederick II, he built an observatory on the island and designed instruments which enabled him to observe the heavens with a degree of precision which revolutionized the science of astronomy. Kepler's access to Tycho's observations made possible the discovery of the basic laws of planetary motion. Among Tycho's accomplishments were the discovery of the nova of 1572, the comet of 1577, his detailed observation of planetary positions, and his catalog of exact positions of 777 stars. Tycho was an outrageous and colorful character who lost part of his nose in a duel (over some point in mathematics) and had it replaced with a piece of gold. He died by bursting his bladder by heavy drinking at a banquet. He computed horoscopes for patrons, and maintained a lifelong interest in astrology.
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