Astrological Dictionary
Letter: P


Dictionary of Astrological Definitions and Terms.
Astrological | P

 

Definition


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Parallel of Declination
When two bodies are at the same Latitude North or South of the Celestial equator. They do not need to be in the same Longitude position. When two bodies are in the same Latitude but one is North and one South of the Celestial equator they are CONTRA-PARALLEL in Declination.
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Part of Fortune
A benefic point on the Ecliptic measured by the same distance from the Eastern Horizon as the Moon is from the Sun. The formula is: Ascendant + Moon - Sun.
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Partile Aspect
Aspect in which the angular separation is with only a few minutes of arc (') of some referenced standard aspect. Thus, if the angular separation of two bodies is 89?57', they are said to be in partile square, as they are within 0?03' of the square (90?) standard aspect
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Peregrine
When a planet has no Essential Dignity in its position in the zodiac. A planet in its debility with no essential dignity is still peregrine. Some astrologers use the term to signify an unaspected planet - this is incorrect. The term peregrine is sometimes though midleadingly used in reference to planets which make no major aspects in a horoscope. This is more like void-of-course, without reference to sign limits or whether a planet applies to or separates from an aspect. In this condition, the planet is said to wander through the horoscope and has the potential to run amock with its symbolism in an individual's life.
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Perfection
When significators in Horary Astrology provide an answer without being impeded by other considerations. Also when an applying aspect between two planets becomes exact, the aspect is said to reach perfection. William Lilly lists six means of perfection: conjunction, sextile or trine, square or opposition, translation of light, collection of light, dwelling of planets in houses plus translation of light by the moon.
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Perigee
From the Greek "near the Earth." (Peri - near Gaia -Earth) The point in orbit where the Moon or a planet is nearest the Earth. Opposite if Apogee.
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Perihelion
From the Greek "near the Sun." (Peri - near, Helios - Sun). The point in a planet's orbit where it is closest to the Sun or the point that a planet reaches that position. Opposite of Aphelion. William Lilly mentioned "the apsis of Mars . . . when it shall appear in Virgo" in his famous prediction of the great 1666 London fire: "Who shall expect less than a strange catastrophe of human affairs in commonwealth, monarchy and the Kingdom of England." [double check this; how much does Mars precess per century? is this what Lilly was referring to; how accurate and well-known were Kepler's (laws) measurements at that time?]
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Planet
Referred in Astrology as any one of the 10 heavenly bodies situated along the ecliptic. The Sun is a star, and the Moon is the Earth's satellite but they too are referred to as planets, for sake of ease of use. The ten planets are in their natural order from the Sun: Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.
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Planetary Hours
The period from Sunrise to Sunset is divided into twelve equal parts called "hours." The first hour of the day, starting at Sunrise, is ruled by the day ruler. The remaining hours are assigned rulers in Chaldean order (Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sun, Venus, Mercury, Moon)
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Platic Aspect
[Gk. platikos, having to do with width or breadth]. When an aspect between planets is in orb but not exact. Sometimes used of an aspect barely within allowable orb. Geddings takes it to mean a weak aspect, or one which is "wide of" orb, although this is not consistent with the traditional usage. In Ptolemy, a platic aspect between planets is synonomous with a zodiacal aspect, here meaning one that is based on their presence in signs possessing that aspect, as opposed to an aspect defined geometrically by degrees. Albiruni makes a similar distinction.
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Polar Elevation
Polar elevation or polar altitude is the height of the pole above the Horizon at a given place, and is equal to that place's latitude or angular distance from the equator.
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Ponderous
A planet that is moving slowly. Used in horary astrology where emphasis is placed on the speed with which planets travel through the zodiac. The slower planet of any dynamic pair in the chart is said to be more ponderous than the faster.

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Precession of the Equinoxes
The Vernal Equinox or First point of Aries is an important reference point in Astronomy and Astrology as it indicates the start of a Seasonal Year, when the Sun is at the intersection of Equator and Ecliptic. Due to Precession, the constellation, which forms a background to the Solar system, is changed from year to year by an amount of approx. 52 seconds of arc. This is caused by the Earth's tilt of 23?27' to the plane of the Ecliptic and other perturbations in its rotation causing the Earth to "wobble on it's axis". Astrologically, we still refer to the Vernal Equinox as the Aries Ingress or First Point of Aries as the moment when the cycle of the Zodiac begins. At present, the Constellation of Pisces is in the background and the Vernal Equinox point is located in that constellation. Precession occurs 'backwards' through the signs, so the Vernal Equinox will eventually be against the background of the constellation Aquarius.
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Prime Vertical
The great circle which passes through the East and West points of the Horizon, and the Zenith and Nadir of a particular location. Perpendicular to the plane of the meridian, it passes through the East Point, Zenith, West Point, and Nadir of a particular location at right angles to the Meridian.
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Ptolemaic Aspect
Ptolemy distinguished four major aspects between zodiac signs: sextile, square, trine, and opposition. He referred to the conjunction as 'corporally conjoined'. The following set of particular angular separations between two bodies: 000? ... Conjunction 060? ... Sextile 090? ... Square 120? ... Trine 180? ... Opposition Note that Ptolemy did not make use of the Semisextile (30?) and Quincunx (150?) partile aspects.
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