Astrological Dictionary
Letter: S


Dictionary of Astrological Definitions and Terms.
Astrological | S | S1

 

Definition


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Separating Aspect
An aspect that has already perfected and where the planets are now moving away from the earlier exact aspect.
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Serpentis
Considered a malefic degree of the zodiac. It happens to be occupied now (Epoch 1990) by the fixed star called the North Scale (19?14'), which is said to bring tragedy along with the "benies" [you gonna let that one go?] of honors and intelligence. [need some research on this one] 19? Scorpio happens to be exactly disjunct or inconjunct the reputed degree of exaltation for Aries, which signs share the malefic Mars as their ruler. [? coincidence? something more about the exalted degrees...]
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Sextile Aspect
A 60-degree aspect. One of the major or Ptolemaic aspects. Traditionally a soft aspect. Unites signs of same polarity. The sixth harmonic.
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Sidereal Day
The True rotation of the Earth measured by two successive transits of a fixed star over the observer's Meridian. The mean length of one sidereal day is 23h56m04.09054s (86164.09054s) of Civil Time. Note that this interval slightly shorter (0.0084s) than the mean time required for a fixed star to twice transit the Upper Meridian, due to the Precession which occurs in a single day.
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Sidereal Time
The Hour Angle of the Vernal Point. Mean Sidereal Time is measured by the diurnal motion of the mean Vernal Point ("mean equinox of date"), which is affected the secular quantities of Precession; Apparent Sidereal Time is measured by the position of the true Vernal Point ("true equinox of date"), which is affected by Nutation. The difference (Apparent minus Mean) is called the Equation of the Equinoxes (called Nutation in Right Ascension, before 1960). Apparent Sidereal Time on the observer's meridian is called LST (Local Sidereal Time); on the Greenwich meridian, it is called GST (Greenwich Sidereal Time). The difference (LST-GST) is equal to the geographic longitude of the observer. The value of GST is tabulated in an ephemeris under the heading "ST" or "Sidereal Time." The argument used to compute the GST is the UT (Universal Time), which differs from the ET (Ephemeris Time) used to compute the planets. Sidereal Time is a direct measure of the diurnal rotation of the Earth, and is, therefore, independent of the value of Delta-T.
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Sidereal Year
Time required for the Earth to return exactly to the same position with reference to the same fixed star. 365 days, 6 hours, 9 minutes and 9.5 seconds.
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Sidereal Zodiac
Refers to the position of the celestial bodies as seen against the actual constellations not the signs. The starting point for Aries is therefore unreliable because of precession and the 'natural zodiac' can be disputed. Western sidereal astrologers use the value of the SVP (Synetic Vernal Point) specified by Fagan and Allen, which defines the mean longitude of the Vernal Point of the epoch BY1950.0 to be exactly 335?57'28.64", which is equivalent to stating that its Ayanamsha is 24?02'31.36". The Fagan-Allen determination leads to a Zodiac which is identical to that used by ancient astrologers (Egyptian, Babylonian, Persian, Arabian, Magi). Its use has been established to within 0.1? for the period BC786-AD500, and to within less than 5? as early as BC2767. All ancient astrologers used the same Sidereal Zodiac, but its universality diminished from the time of Claudius Ptolemy (about 75AD) until its re-discovery by Cyril Fagan in our century. Modern Hindu Astrology, which is clearly derived from Greek sources after the Alexandrian conquests which followed his rise to power in BC336, and reflect much of the work of Ptolemy, uses one of a set of Ayanamshas, which yield coordinate systems some of which are only approximately fixed with reference to the stars.
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Significator
1. The body in a horoscope which is chosen to represent some event, or organ, or question under consideration. If a body is said to `rule' a subject, then that body is generally its significator in the horoscope. 2. A body which recieves an aspect from a promissor. In horary Astrology some planets are natural significators, such as Venus in questions of love, Mars in matters of contention.
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Sinister Aspect
Aspect where the faster planet is waning in relation to the slower one. Left hand side.
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Slow In Motion
When a planet is travelling slower than its average daily motion. A form of debility.
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Solar Apex
The Sun revolves around a Galactic Centre along with all the other bodies associated with the Solar System. It moves at 12 miles per second in the direction of the Constellation Hercules, in right Ascension 277? and declination of 30? North at the end of December each year, when Earth is directly behind the Sun in its motion round the centre of the Galaxy. The point to which the Sun's galactic motion moves is called the Solar Apex.
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Solar House System
Houses derived by placing the Sun on the 1st house cusp and deriving all other houses from the degree of celestial longitude. Commonly used in Sun sign astrology.
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Solstice Points
The two points on the Celestial Sphere which mark the Sun's position at the moment of time at which the Sun reaches its greatest northern or southern Declination. At such times, the Tropical Longitude of the Sun will be approximately CAN00? or CAP00?. In general, precise agreement can not be expected, as the Sun does not travel precisely along the Ecliptic, but has a small latitude. Nevertheless, the two points lying on the Ecliptic at CAN00? and CAP00? are usually taken as the Solstice Points.
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Solstice
Literally, the `Sun standing still'. The The time when the Sun is at its greatest Northern or Southern Declination, on the Tropics. The Sun is then farthest from the Equator and seems to "stand still". The opposite point in the year to the Equinoxes. It then appears to turn in the opposite direction. This impression of created by the earth's tilt of 23 degrees 27 minutes and the Tropics lie at earth Latitudes of 23 degrees 27 minutes north or south of the Equator. These latitude circles are called the Tropic of Cancer (north) and the Tropic of Capricorn (south). The band of geographic latitudes lying between these boundaries is called the Torrid Zone. Within the Torrid Zone, the Sun will pass through the observer's Zenith sometime during the year.
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Southing
The moment when a celestial body crosses the upper meridian of the observer is "Southing" that Meridian. Example: At high noon, the Sun is due South.
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Spica
A benefic fixed star at 23 degrees 50' Libra in the year 2000. Horary astrologers traditionally consider Spica the only favorable location in the via combusta. Spica figures fundamentally in Fagan's research into fixing a fiducial or reference point for the sidereal zodiac.
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Square
An aspect formed when planets or points are 90 degrees apart. One of the five major aspects defined as Ptolemaic.
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Star
Self luminous celestial body as distinguished from a planet which shines with reflected light. Our Sun is a star.

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Star Time
Sidereal time.
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Station
A planet makes a station when it appears motionless before reversing direction in its orbit as viewed from the Earth. It can occur when going from retrograde to direct, or from direct to retrograde. Ptolemy used two words for station, "stasis," meaning a standing or a posture, and "sterigmous," meaning a propping or supporting and by association fixedness. The planets appear to stand still. Ptolemy used the stations of Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn to mark periods
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Stellium
Cluster of several planets in the same sign or house. Margaret Hone determined three while De Vore specifies five or more. Some astrologers consider it necessary that the leading and final planets be in orb of conjunction. Synonomous with the obsolete term Satellitium.
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Succedent
( Lat: succedere = to follow) : A term describing Houses 2, 5, 8, and 11.
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Sun
One of the 10 major planets. Ruler of Leo. Vitality, will, the yang or male principle. Power, leadership, dignity, character, egoism, self-assertion, masculinity, "the heart's desire". < + > An authoritative nature with strong drives for recognition, fame, leadership and supremacy. Self-reliant and must rule or lead in all projects involved in. < - > Full of pride and arrogance, and always needs an audience for appreciation and applause. Egotistical and domineering. Those in authority, the head of state, the heart, male figures, e.g. the man himself, father, the husband in a woman`s chart. In the business chart: The house the sun occupies or rules represents a focus of the business and should be faced squarely in order for the business to succeed.
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Sun Sign Astrology
An oversimplified and generic version of Astrology for syndicated media and popular consumer consumption.
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Superior Planet
Those planets whose orbit lies outside that of Earth: Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.
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