Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini was born on September 26, 1897 and ordained Pope on June 21, 1963. He worked for numerous reforms, improved ecumenical relationships with Orthodox and Protestants and held many other high offices in The Roman Catholic Church.
Pope Paul was the Vatican's Secretariat of State for 1922 to 1954. He was Archbishop of Milan and was elevated to the College of Cardinals in 1958. He took the name Paul VI to show his mission was to spread the word of Christ. He sought talks with world leaders, other Christians, religions and atheists. He exclude no one. He was thought to be a humble servant for the suffering poor of the world and demanded changes in the rich of North America and Europe. He had positions on birth control that were controversial. He was criticized for being middle of the road during contentions and placing reforms after the fact. He worked on the unfinished reform wok of the previous popes with humility and common sense.
He did not excommunicate or punish those with other views in the Church and called for acceptance for the role of women in the Church. He renounced traditional symbols of the papacy and made changes to the papal dress. He visited five continents and turned the Church into a Church of the world.
His reign took place during the John F. Kennedy assassination in 1963, the Vietnam War, the Warsaw pact invasion of Czechoslovakia and the breakup of the British Empire. He saw a continual push for civil rights in America and the marketing of the contraceptive pill, homosexual rights and legal abortion.
Pope Paul VI passed away on August 6, 1978 after a period of ill health. He was buried in the grottos of the Vatican as was in his will.