Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was born in Metal Rooster - Hsin Yu Year of the 60-year Cycle of the Chinese Zodiac

One of India?s prominent citizens is Rabindranath Tagore born on May 7, 1861 in Calcutta. Tagore brought a cultural awareness to his area?s music and literature. He was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913. His poetry is spiritual, but was largely unknown to outsiders. Tagore wrote different prose and verse forms and used colloquial language in Bengali literature. He introduced the best part of Indian culture to the West. When he was only eight, he wrote poetry and at sixteen released his first poems under the pen name of Bhanusimha (Sun Lion). Indian scholars believed these poems they were long lost classics. By 1877 he was writing his first short stores. Tagore was a strong advocate for independence from Britain and carried his title of Universalist internationalist and as a humanist. He wrote hundreds of essays, stories and texts and his vast talents encompass paintings, doodles, sketches, and over two thousand songs. He originated Visva-Bharati University. Some of this best known works are Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced) and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World). Two of his songs, Jana Gana Mana is India?s national anthem, and Amar Shonar Bangla is Bangladesh?s major anthem. Tagore was educated in England in 1878. He left University College in London after a few months and decided to study literature. In1880 he returned to Bengal and attempted to reconcile European and Brahma traditions. Tagore married Mrinalini Devi in 1873 and they had five children. November 1913 Tagore won the Nobel Prize in Literate and in 1915 the British Crown knighted Tagore. He did renounce this title after the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Tagore?s short stories are credited with creating the Bengali-language version of the short story. He borrows his plots from very simple subject matters and his non-fiction is filled with history, linguistics and spirituality. He also wrote travelogues, lectures and autobiographic. This literature is compiled into several volumes including a brief chat with Einstein. Tagore has approximately 2,230 songs in his portfolio. He began painting at sixty and his The Last Harvest: Paintings of Rabindranath Tagore was commissioned to honor his 150 birthday. Tagore died in Calcutta on August 7, 1941 at the age of 80.
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