Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine Lavoisier was born in Water Pig - Kuei Hai Year of the 60-year Cycle of the Chinese Zodiac

A French nobleman and chemist who was involved in the 18th century Chemical Revolution was born on August 26, 1743 in Paris. The father of modern chemistry is Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier His accomplishments in chemistry stemmed from the change of science from a qualitative to quantitative. He is noticed for his discovery of how oxygen manages combustion and in 1778 he termed oxygen in 1778 and hydrogen in 1783. He constructed the metric system and developed the inventory of elements. Lavoisier reformed chemical nomenclature. He also predicted the existence of silicon in 1787 and was the one who established sulfur as an element rather than a compound. Lavoisier also put forth the discovery that matter may change shape or form but mass always remains the same. He was an administrator of the Ferme Generale and a member of other aristocratic councils. He was able to fund his scientific research by the aristocratic councils he represented. He was accused by Jean-Paul Marat of selling contaminated tobacco and other made-up crimes and was guillotined on May 18, 1794. Lavoisier tried to introduce reforms in the French monetary and taxation systems to help peasants. He also developed to metric system to form a uniformity of weights and measures. In 1771 Lavoisier and Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze married. She was only 13 at the time. She translated English documents for Lavoisier and assisted hi in the laboratory by sketching and caring engravings of laboratory instruments. He edited and published Antoine?Äôs memoirs and hosted parties to bring scientists together. Lavoisier?Äôs legacy includes contributions into advance chemistry. Lavoisier?Äôs work was eventually recognized by the International Historic Chemical Landmark in 1999.
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