Jack London

Jack London was born in Wood Pig - Yi Hai Year of the 60-year Cycle of the Chinese Zodiac

A pioneer in the world of commercial magazine fiction was born on January 12, 1876 in San Francisco. John Griffith London or Jack London wrote The Call of the Wild and White Fang that are set in the Klondike Gold Rush. He wrote To Build a Fire, An Odyssey of the North and Love of Life. His stories The Pearls of Parlay and The Heathen are stories of the South Pacific. The Sea Wolf is about San Francisco. London was an advocate of socialism, unionization and the rights of workers. He wrote The Iron Heel plus The People of the Abyss and The War of the Classes to further his ideas. Jack London actually lived his novels. He joined the Klondike Gold Rush in 1897, but his experiences were detrimental to his health. He developed scurvy, pain in his hip and leg muscles and marks on his face. He returned to California 1898 and worked to get his novel Martin Eden published. London took advantage of new printing and magazine technologies. He made $2500 in for his writings which would be $71000 today. In 1900 London and Elizabeth Maddern were married. His book The Son of the Wolf was edited. Their marriage was strained but hey still produced two daughters. They divorced in 1904. 1905 was the year London and Charmian Kittredge were married. Friends say they were true soul mates. During the Russo-Japanese War in 1904 London was assigned as a war correspondent. He was arrested four times and the personal intervention of President Theodore Roosevelt provided him with passage. London wrote an eye-witness report of the San Francisco earthquake in 1906. London died on November 22, 1916 on his ranch in California. He suffered from uremia, alcoholism and dysentery. London also took high doses of morphine. It has been debated that London?€™s death was a suicide due to extreme pain from renal colic.
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