Pisces Celebrities

Pisces celebrities
 
Albert Einstein
Name: Albert Einstein
Birth Date: March 14, 1879
Death Date: April 18, 1955
Place of Birth: Ulm, Germany
Place of Death: Princeton, Massachusetts, US
Nationality: American
Occupations: physicist, scientist
Age at Death: 76
Cause of Death: Aneurysm
The German-born American physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955) revolutionized the science of physics. He is best known for his theory of relativity.

In the history of the exact sciences, only a handful of men--men like Nicolaus Copernicus and Isaac Newton--share the honor that was Albert Einstein's: the initiation of a revolution in scientific thought. His insights into the nature of the physical world made it impossible for physicists and philosophers to view that world as they had before. When describing the achievements of other physicists, the tendency is to enumerate their major discoveries; when describing the achievements of Einstein, it is possible to say, simply, that he revolutionized physics.
 
 
Name: Edward Franklin Albee, III
Birth Date: March 12, 1928
Nationality: American
Gender: Male
Occupations: playwright
American playwright Edward Franklin Albee, III (born 1928), achieved great success in the early 1960s with his one-act plays and the immensely popular full-length work Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

His major early plays include The Zoo Story (1959), The Death of Bessie Smith (1960), The Sandbox (1960), The Ballad of the Sad Cafe (1963), adapted from the novel by Carson McCullers, and Tiny Alice (1965). Albee won the Pulitzer Prize for A Delicate Balance (1967), Seascape (1975), and Three Tall Women (1994). Other later plays include The Lady from Dubuque (1980), Marriage Play (1987), and The Play about the Baby (1998). In 2002 two new Albee plays debuted, The Goat, or Who Is Sylvia?, a Tony Award–winning family tragicomedy, and Occupant, a portrait of the artist Louise Nevelson.
 
 
Name: Enrico Caruso
Birth Date: February 25, 1873
Death Date: August 2, 1921
Place of Birth: Naples, Italy
Place of Death: Naples, Italy
Nationality: Italian
Gender: Male
Occupations: opera singer
Enrico Caruso (1873-1921) was an Italian tenor who was an early recording artist and the foremost Metropolitan Opera attraction for a generation. For power, sweetness, and versatility his voice was without peer.

The natural beauty, range, and power of his voice made him one of the greatest singers in the history of opera. He studied for three years with Guglielmo Vergine and made his operatic debut in Naples in 1894. His first major success came in London in 1902, and he achieved even greater triumph with his American debut in 1903 at the Metropolitan Opera as the duke in Rigoletto. He remained the reigning favorite at the Metropolitan until a short time before his death (from pleurisy). He sang more than 50 roles in Italian and French operas, such as La Traviata, Aida, La Boheme, Tosca, and Carmen. After his death his recordings perpetuated his fame.
 
 
Name: Frederic Francois Chopin
Birth Date: February 22, 1810
Death Date: October 17, 1849
Place of Birth: Poland
Place of Death: Paris, France
Nationality: Polish, French
Gender: Male
Occupations: composer
Frederic Francois Chopin (1810-1849), a Polish-French composer and pianist, was one of the creators of the typically romantic character piece. All of his works include the piano.

His lyrical, often melancholy, compositions brought romantic piano music to unprecedented expressive heights. A prodigy as a pianist and composer, he began performing at aristocratic salons in Warsaw, and in 1826 he started full-time studies at the Warsaw Conservatory. After concert appearances in Vienna and Munich, he settled in Paris, where he gave his first concert in 1831. Although he remained devoted to Polish culture and artists, he never returned to his homeland. In Paris he became closely associated with the principal composers, artists, and literary figures of his time. He was a virtuoso interpreter of his own works, but his dislike of playing in public made him prefer teaching and composing to the concert stage.

Chopin established the piano as a solo instrument free from choral or orchestral influence. Even in the piano concertos in E Minor (1833) and F Minor (1836), the orchestra is completely dominated by the piano. Other major works include the sonatas in B Flat Minor (1840) and B Minor (1845), and two sets of etudes (1833, 1837). Because of their highly romantic quality, some of his works have become known by descriptive titles that he did not give them; they were published simply as nocturnes, scherzos, ballades, waltzes, impromptus, fantasies, and the like. Polish nationalism is evident in his many polonaises and mazurkas. His last concert was a benefit performance for Polish refugees, and at his funeral in Paris, Polish soil was strewn on his grave.
 
 
Name: Harry Belafonte
Variant Name: Harold George Belafonte, Jr.
Birth Date: March 1, 1927
Place of Birth: New York, New York, US
Nationality: American
Ethnicity: African American
Gender: Male
Occupations: singer, actor
Harry Belafonte (born 1927), triumphed over a difficult childhood and racial barriers, as an African American growing up in the United States. His songs were extremely popular in middle class American households in the mid-1950s, and helped to popularize calypso music throughout the world.

The son of Caribbean-born immigrants, he became one of the most popular vocalists of the postwar era and also starred in such films as Carmen Jones (1954), Island in the Sun (1957), and Odds Against Tomorrow (1959). After a long absence, he returned to film in the 1990's in White Man's Burden (1995), Kansas City (1996) and Swing Vote (1999).
 
 
John Steinbeck
Name: John Ernst Steinbeck
Birth Date: February 27, 1902
Death Date: December 28, 1968
Place of Birth: Salinas, California, US
Place of Death: New York, New York, US
Nationality: American
Gender: Male
Occupations: writer
Age at Death: 66
Cause of Death: Heart attack
John Ernst Steinbeck (1902-1968), American author and winner of the Nobel Prize in 1962, was a leading exponent of the proletarian novel and a prominent spokesman for the victims of the Great Depression.

He is probably best remembered for his strong sociological novel The Grapes of Wrath, considered one of the great American novels of the 20th cent. Steinbeck's early novels—Cup of Gold (1929), The Pastures of Heaven (1932), and To a God Unknown (1933)—attracted little critical attention, but Tortilla Flat (1935), an affectionate yet realistic novel about the lovable, exotic, Spanish-speaking poor of Monterey, was enthusiastically received. A compassionate understanding of the world's disinherited was to be Steinbeck's hallmark.
 
 
Liza Minnelli
Name: Liza Minnelli
Born: 12/03/1946
Birth Place: Los Angeles, California, US
A dynamic and multi-talented performer, Liza Minnelli has sculpted a hugely successful career involving stage, screen and television.

Liza, like her mother too, has been through a number of romantic problems and has survived through her abuse of drugs. In 1995 she underwent hip replacement surgery, and five years later went back for her second hip surgery. In 1997 she underwent throat surgery and in 2000 was hospitalized with encephalitis.

In 2001 Liza found love again, marrying a year later for a fourth time, producer David Gest. But, after just 16 months of 'wedded bliss' the couple split up.

Academy and Tony Award-winning actress known for her powerful voice and stage presence and for being the daughter of director Vincente Minnelli and Judy Garland. Her films include Cabaret (1972) and Arthur (1981). Her plays include The Act (1977) and The Rink (1984). In 2003, she made several appearances on Fox's comedy, Arrested Development.
 
 
Name: Michelangelo Antonioni
Birth Date: 1912
Place of Birth: Ferrara, Italy
Nationality: Italian
Gender: Male
Occupations: filmmaker, director
The Italian film director Michelangelo Antonioni (born 1912) demonstrated in such compelling and original films as L'avventura and Blow-Up his belief that the failure of human feelings is the cause of modern tragedy.

In the 1940s he made documentaries that contributed to the development of Italian neorealism. His later films deal with the alienation, malaise, and loveless eroticism of modern life, with plot and dialogue often subordinate to visual and aural images. His works include Le Amiche (1955), L'Avventura (1959), L'Eclisse (1961), The Red Desert (1964), Blow-Up (1966), Zabriskie Point (1969), The Passenger (1975), Identification of a Woman (1983), and Beyond the Clouds (1995).
 
 
Sidney Poitier
Name: Sidney Poitier
Birth Date: 1924
Place of Birth: Miami, Florida, US
Nationality: American
Ethnicity: African American
Gender: Male
Occupations: actor
Actor Sidney Poitier's (born 1924) presence in film during the 1950s and 1960s opened up the possibility for bigger and better roles for black performers.

The first African-American actor to achieve leading man status in Hollywood films, Poitier combines attractiveness and poise with an innate projection of dignity and self-assurance. Many of his plays and films have directly addressed issues of race, including his Broadway triumph, Lorraine Hansberry's A Raisin in the Sun (1959, film 1961), and such films as the pioneering No Way Out (1950), his movie debut; the internationally acclaimed Cry, the Beloved Country (1951), after Alan Paton's novel; The Defiant Ones (1957), the film that established Poitier's reputation; Lilies of the Field (1963; Academy Award); Guess Who's Coming to Dinner? (1967), which treated the subject of interracial marriage; and In the Heat of the Night (1967). He turned to directing in 1971; among his films are Buck and the Preacher (1972), A Patch of Blue (1973), and Stir Crazy (1980). In 1991 he portrayed Thurgood Marshall in the Emmy-winning television film Separate but Equal.

As an actor, director, and producer, he forever altered the racial perceptions held by both film audiences and executives, rising to superstar status in an industry dominated on both sides of the camera by whites, while becoming the first African-American ever to take home an Oscar for Best Actor.
 
 
Name: Victor Marie Hugo, Vicomte
Birth Date: February 26, 1802
Death Date: May 22, 1885
Place of Birth: Besancon, France
Place of Death: Paris, France
Nationality: French
Gender: Male
Occupations: writer, poet
The French author Victor Marie, Vicomte Hugo (1802-1885), was the supreme poet of French romanticism. He is noted for the breadth of his creation, the versatility that made him as much at ease in the novel as in the short lyric, and the mystical grandeur of his vision.

As a child he was taken to Italy and Spain and at a very early age had published his first book of poems, resolving “to be Chateaubriand or nothing.” His principal poetic works are Les Orientales (1829), Les Feuilles d'automne (1831), Les Chants du crepuscule (1835), Les Voix interieures (1837), Les Rayons et les ombres (1840), Les Chatiments (1853), Les Contemplations (1856), and La Legende des siecles (1859).

He began his political career as a supporter of the duke of Reichstadt, Napoleon's son; later Hugo espoused the cause of Louis Philippe's son, and then for a short time of Louis Bonaparte. Because he afterward opposed Napoleon III, Hugo was banished and went first to Brussels, then to the isle of Jersey, and later (1855) to Guernsey, where he lived until 1870, refusing an amnesty. In 1870 he returned to Paris in triumph. He was elected to the national assembly and the senate. His last years were marked by public veneration and acclaim, and he was buried in the Pantheon. Critics are divided as to his relative greatness, but he was a towering figure in 19th-century French literature.
 
 
 
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May 21, 22 - June 21

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