Astrological Dictionary


Dictionary of Astrological Definitions and Terms.
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Definition


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Celestial Pole
A projection of the TERRESTRIAL POLES into space. ; one of two points about which the Celestial Sphere appears to rotate.
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Celestial Sphere
The night sky looks like an upside down bowl set on the horizon, but as it turns around during the night it is easy to think of it as a giant sphere with the stars lying on the inside surface. The apparent canopy of the stars, which is a projection of the earth sphere into space. The co-ordinates of the Earth grid can be "projected" to give Celestial measurements. It is a two-dimensional system, radial measurement ignored, all objects considered to be on its surface. Three- dimensional phenomena in astronomy such as parallax are treated by other means.
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Chaldean Astrology
Astrology attributed to the Chaldean priests, based on the finding of cuneiform tablets dated C670 BC which reported astrological information in the court of King Ashurbanipal. They regarded the world as eternal, with no beginning or end, and the Sun, Moon, and planets as interpreters by which human beings might know and execute the will of God. Upon considering the regularity of the motions of the celestial bodies, they inferred that such objects were either intelligent beings or were controlled by some guiding intelligence. This belief led to Sabianism, the worship of the host of heaven (Sun, Moon, and Stars), which originated in the Arabian kingdom of Saba (Sheba). The heavenly host wwas not worshipped as God (whom they regarded as far above the level of mundane concern), but as ambassadors or mediators between God and humanity.
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Chaldean Order of the Planets
Traditional hierarchy of the planets - Saturn Jupiter, Mars, Sun, Venus, Mercury, Moon. This order is followed in traditional computations of planetary hours and in Ptolemy's table of faces which forms a part of his table of essential dignity and debility.
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Chart
Diagram showing the position of heavenly bodies at a given time and location.
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Chiron
Asteroidal body discovered in 1977 by Charles Kowal. Sidereal period 50.68 years. It is named after Chiron, the wise Centaur (half man, half horse), who tutored many Greek heroes. Astrologers have not settled its rulership but have worked mainly with Sagittarius and Virgo. The astrological symbolism of Chiron includes teacher and healer.
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Circumpolar Star
To circle around the pole. Circumpolar stars or constellations trace daily circles around the celestial pole, without setting below the horizon. Such stars move across the sky, but never dip below the horizon. Similarly, stars closer to the celestial pole below the horizon than the numerical value of the observer's latitude never rise above the horizon.
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Collection of Light
When a slower planet receives aspects from two faster planets, which are not themselves in aspect. In Horary astrology the slow planet collects light from the faster planets and implies the matter can be perfected through a third person or intermediary. Traditionally, the fast planets must 'receive' the slow planet in their Ptolemaic dignities. i.e. the slow planet must be in an area of the zodiac where the fast planets have dignity. Used today in horary astrology, and as with translation, when two ruling planets in the horary chart are of no use in answering the question. Collection establishes a relationship between the planets and gives an answer to the question. Example: Venus at 18? Leo, Mars at 15? Leo, and Jupiter at 23? Scorpio. Venus separates from a conjunction with Mars but both planets successively square Jupiter, which collects their lights.
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Combust
When a planetary significator in horary astrology is within 17 minutes (cazimi) and 8 degrees 30 of the Sun. Considered a debility, especially for the Moon (a New Moon in a horary chart is traditionally a bad signature).
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Comets
Bodies orbiting the Sun most of which have luminous tail visible when near the sun. The tail always points away from the Sun. Some orbit in an Ellipse, and return at regular intervals, others orbit Parabolic which is an undefined ellipse. They usually consist of three elements: nucleus, envelope, and tail. The superstitious once considered them to be evil omens. Those pursuing an elongated orbit are periodic and return at fixed intervals. Those with a parabolic or hyperbolic orbit are expected never to return. The astrological significance of comets has been the subject of much study, but so far no definite conclusions have been reached. Suggestion has been advanced that Donate's comet, which made its first appearance of record in June 1858 and attained its maximum brilliancy on October 9th, was a factor in the nativity of Theodore Roosevelt, born October 27, 1858. It is presumed that comets presage history-making events; but operating through individuals whose birth coincides with their appearance, their effects are so delayed as often to be overlooked. Donati's comet was one of the most beautiful of comets. Its tall was curved. The nucleus had a diameter of 5,600 miles. "When beggars die there are no comets seen; The heavens themselves blaze forth the death of princes." Shakespeare. The year of F. D. Roosevelt's birth was also marked by the appearance of one of the brightest comets of record, which was visible in broad daylight - even at noon.
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Commanding Signs
Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo - considered more powerful than the other six signs. (Northern Hemisphere). The assumption that these command while the other six obey is hardly warranted, even for this reason -- since the Earth is actually at the opposite end of each polarity. Actually they might with more reason be termed the "demanding" signs, with Libra to Pisces termed "commanding" signs, with much the same meaning as that contained in the aphorism that "One does not demand respect: he commands it." v. Northern Signs.
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Common Signs
Old word for Mutable signs. Gemini, Virgo, Sagittarius and Pisces ; said to be flexible but vacillating.
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Composite Chart
A type of chart comparison in which the near midpoints of the same bodies in two charts establish positions in a single chart that is a composite of the relationship and symbolic of the relationship itself.
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Conception Chart
Hypothetical chart based on the individual's conception. Ptolemy describes the trutine of Hermes as a formula and Sepharial and E.H.Bailey also proposed formulae. Stil open to conjecture and hypothesis. General method encloses the usage of the New or Full moon nearest to the conception date. This chart is sometimes used in matters of health and in esoteric astrology.
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Configuration
Pattern in the chart. An angular relationship between three or more planets. Examples are: grand trine, T-square, and grand cross. For many modern astrologers, these configurations are central themes in a chart interpretation.
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Conjunction
Union of planets or planets and other bodies or points within a determined orb. Traditional meanings include reinforcement of planetary qualities and a concentration of influence; the beginning of a new cycle of relationship; coalescence of energies; subjectification, determination and indeterminateness at the same time. Whether it is a favorable or unfavorable depends on the planets involved. It is the first harmonic.
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Consideration before judgment
A condition in horary astrology that cautions against reading the chart. Some traditional considerations before judgment are if Less than 3 degrees or more than 27 degrees are rising. If the Moon is in Via Combusta or in a late degree, or Void of Course. Also if Saturn is retrograde in 1st house and the astrologer's judgment may be faulty if Saturn is in the 7th house.
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Constellation
Groups of stars with a recognisable pattern and an ancient mythological correspondence. The ancients named 48 constellations, mostly for objects or heroes of mythology. And, since AD1600, additional groups have been named, to fill the large spaces between the ancient groups (which were occupied, primarily, with inconspicuous stars), thus enlarging the number to 85 (or 88, if Argo is divided into 4 smaller groups). Astronomers, by international agreement, have redefined new boundaries for Astronomical Constellations, which omit no section of the sky; these new boundaries bear little resemblance to the ancient forms.
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Contrariety of planets
When a slow planet is being aspected by two fast planets, and the first faster planet applies in direct motion and the second applies to the first faster planet in retrograde motion and perfects before the first planet perfects its aspect to the slow planet. Thus the second faster planet interferes with the aspect.
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Contra-parallel
When two bodies are in the same Celestial Latitude but one is North and one South of the Celestial Equator, such as one at 15? N 10' and another at 15? S 10'.
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Coordinate System
A method using Great circles to provide a means to specify a unique location on the celestial sphere, such as Horizon (altitude and azimuth) Celestial Equator (right ascension and declination) Ecliptic (celestial latitude and celestial longitude) The most important system of coordinates for general mathematical purposes is Cartesian coordinates, which locates points in terms of their distances from certain coordinate axes in much the same way that a city map fixes places by the intersection of numbered streets and avenues. Spherical coordinates use great circles on the surface of a sphere as reference lines just as we use longitude and latitude to fix places on a globe. The longitude and latitude and difference from a fixed center serve to locate a point in three dimensional space. Spherical coordinates are especially useful in astronomy and astrology.
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Copernicus, Nicolas
(1473-1543) Polish astronomer and astrologer. Copernicus is regarded as the father of the Heliocentric system of Planetary Motion. But, this viewpoint was held at least as early as BC 280 by Aristarchus of Samos. He studied mathematics and painting at Cracow. In 1496, he visited Italy to study medicine and canon law, where he read the works of Regiomontanus and became interested in astronomy. In 1500, a conference on calandar reform at Rome further stimulated his interest in astronomy. The Alfonsine Tables (of Alfonso X), even with the improvements of Regiomontanus, were inaccurate for predicting the planetary positions over long periods. And, in 1512, he began to treat a Heliocentric system of Planetary Motion in greater mathematical detail. His treatment simplified the explanation of retrograde motion, showed that the Precession of the Equinox could be accounted for entirely by a wobbling of the spin-axis of the Earth (and, therefore, did not depend upon the stars), and reasoned that the stars must be positioned at vast distances from the Earth (else they would reflect motion caused by the Earth's movement). His treatment was flawed, however, as he preserved the concept of perfectly circular orbits, thus requiring the use of 34 epicycles and eccentrics taken from older theory. (Kepler corrected this error 50 years later). Copernicus committed his views to writing, but wisely delayed publication, thinking that these views might be considered heretical. He returned to Poland in 1505 to serve as canon at the cathedral at Frombork (Frauenberg). About 1530, he prepared a summary of his ideas and circulated that manuscript to various scholars in Europe. Urged by the mathematician Rheticus, Copernicus agreed to the publication of his entire work, dedicating it to Pope Paul III. Rheticus was to oversee its publication, but became involved in doctrinal disputes and was obliged to turn the work over to Andreas Osiander, a Lutheran minister. But, Luther had sharply opposed the Copernican theory. So, Osiander inserted a Preface stating that the theory was not to be taken to represent the actual facts, but should be regarded only as a device for computation of planetary positions. This insertion weakened the work and tarnished the reputation of Copernicus. Not until 1609, did Kepler discover and correct this tampering. The first edition of the book was finally published in 1543, but was overpriced and was allowed to go out of print. The second edition did not appear until 1566 (in Basel, Switzerland), and the third edition was delayed until 1617 (in Amsterdam). Thus, the Scientific Revolution, which ultimately overturned Greek science, progressed quite slowly, not reaching its complete success for 150 years with Newton. While in Poland, in 1807, Napoleon visited the house of Copernicus's birth, and remarked that no statue had been made in his honor. In 1835, Copernicus' book was removed from the list of banned works by the Catholic Church. Yet, in 1839, no Catholic priest would preside at the ceremony when a statue was finally erected in Warsaw.
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Cosmobiology
A school of astrology founded by Reinhold Ebertin ( Feb 16 1901) concerned with the correlations between the cosmos and organic life and further developed by Alfred Witte founder of the Uranian system of astrology. The system employs the use of midpoints and solar arc directions.
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Crescent Moon
A phase in the illumination cycle of the Moon Moon when it is 45 degrees ahead of the Sun in its cycle.
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Critical Days
A term used in decumbiture and event charts describing successive 45? aspects by the transiting Moon to its original position and indicating crisis points. Typically used in decumbiture and event charts.
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Astrological [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14]

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